Context of the topic:
1. Main objectives are:
a. Extending the coverage of irrigation.
b. Improving water use efficiency.
2. End to end solution on source creation, distribution, management,field application and extensional activities.
3. It is formulated by amalgamating ongoing schemes.
4. Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) – Department of Land Resources (DoLR), Ministry of Rural Development.
5. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) – Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Gange Rejuvenation (MoWR, RD&GR).
6. On Farm Water Management (OFWM) – Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).
7. Implementation: Decentralised manner through state irrigation plan and district irrigation plan.
8. Micro Irrigation Fund: The fund was set up with a initial corpus of rs 5,000 crore under the scheme with NABARD.
9. NABARD will extend the loans to state governments to mobilise resources to achieve the annual target about 2 million ha/year during the remaining period of 14th Finance commission.
10. It would supplement the efforts of Per Drop More Crop Component (PDMC) of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee yojana.
1. It was launched in 2015 in Rajasthan.
2. The card informs farmers about nutrient status of the soils along with the recommendation on appropriate dosage of nutrients to improve soil health and fertility.
3. The card will be issued Once in every 3 years to farm so that nutrients deficiency can be regularly detected and improved.
4. The aim is to provide soil health card to all 120 million farm holdings by December,2017.
5. In the first phase of the scheme(2015-2017), 100 million SHC have been distributed.
6. The second phase began on may 1,2017 , and will continue for the year 2017 to 2019.
7. Recently, the government has updated the funding pattern for soil health card scheme implemented by Ministry of Agriculture under National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture.
8. Accordingly, the fund sharing pattern would be 90:10 for North Eastern and Himalayan states and 60:40 for other states and 100% borne by central government in UTs.
1. The ministry of Agriculture and farmer’s welfare has launched the Krishi Kalyan Abhiyan to aid, assist and advice farmers on how to improve their farming techniques and raise their incomes.
2. The krishi Kalyan Abhiyan will be undertaken in 25 villages with more than 1000 population each in aspirational Districts identified in consultation with Ministry of Rural Development as per directions of NITI Ayog.
3. The overall coordination and implementation in the 25 villages of a district is being done by Krishi Vigyan Kendra of that district.
4. Various activities to promote best practices and enhance agriculture income are being undertaken under the plan such as :-
a. Distribution of soil health cards to all farmers.
b. 100% coverage of bovine vaccination for foot and Mouth disease (FMD) in each village .
c. 100% coverage of sheep and Goat for eradication of pete des petits ruminants (PPR)
d. Distribution of Mini kits of pulses and oilseeds to all.
e. Distribution of Horticulture/Agro forestry/ Bamboo plant @ 5 per family(location appropriate).
f. Artificial insemination saturation
g. Demonstration program on Micro-irrigation.
1. PM-AASHA is a new umbrella scheme aimed at ensuring remmunerative prices to the farmers for their produce.
2. The 3 components that are part of AASHA are
a. Price Support Scheme
b. Price Deficiency Payment Scheme
c. Pilot of Private Procurement and Stockist scheme.
3. The other existing schemes of Department of Food and Public Distribution for procurement of paddy, wheat and nutri-cereals/coarse grains and of Ministry of Textile for cotton and Jute will be continued for providing MSP to farmers for those crops.
4. PSS – under the pss , physical procurement of pulses , oilseeds and copra will be done by central nodal agencies.
5. Besides NAFED and Food Corporation of India will also take procurement of crops undef PSS.
6. The expenditure and losses due to procurement will be borne by the centre.
7. PDPS: Under the PDPS, the center proposes to cover all oilseeds for which MSP is notified.
8. The difference between the MSP and Actual selling/modal price will be directly paid into the farmer’s bank account.
9. Farmers who sell their crops in recognised mandis within the notified period can benefit from it.
10. This scheme doesn’t involve any physical procurement of crops as farmers are paid the difference between the MSP price and sale/modal price on disposal in notified market.
11. PPSS : In case of oil seeds , states will have the option to roll out PPSSs in select districts.
12. Under this, a private player can procure crops at MSP when market prices drop below MSP and whenever authorized by the state/UT government to enter the market.
13. The private player will then be compensated through a service charge upto a maximum of 15% of the MSP.
Central schemes are divided into central sector schemes and centrally sponsored schemes. Now we briefly discuss them
1. Central sector schemes are 100% funded by the union government and implemed by the central government machinery.
2. Central sector schemes are mainly formulated on subjects from the union list. They account for 11% of the central government’s expenditure.
3. In centrally sponsored scheme (css) a certain percentage of the funding is borne by the states and the implementation is by the state governments.
4. Centrally sponsored schemes are formulated in subjects from the state list to encourage states to prioritize in the areas that require more attention. They account for 10% of central governments expenditure.
5. Usually centrally sponsored schemes are revised at the end of each five year plan period.
6. How ever after the discontinuation of 5 year plan , it has been decided that sunset date will be coterminous with financial commission cycles.
7. All the 28 centrally sponsored schemes have sunset clauses except MGNREGA under Ministry of Rural Development.